Plastic Procedures > Non-Surgical Procedures > Frictional Dermabrasion
What is Mechanical or Frictional Dermabrasion?
Dermabrasion, also known as traditional, mechanical or frictional dermabrasion, is a surgical procedure that involves the controlled abrasion (wearing away) of the upper layers of the skin with sandpaper or other mechanical means. Nowadays, it has become common to use LASER (CO2 or Erbium: YAG laser), Crystal dermabrasion (Microdermabrasion) or Chemical peeling.
The procedure requires a local anesthetic. Afterward, the skin is very red and raw-looking, and it takes several months (3 to 6 months) for the skin to re-grow and heal.
Dermabrasion and dermaplaning help to "refinish" the skin's top layers through a method of controlled surgical scraping. The treatments soften the surface irregularities, giving the skin a smoother youthful appearance.
Dermabrasion is most often used to improve the look of scarred facial skin by accidents or previous surgery, or to smooth out fine facial wrinkles, such as those around the mouth. It's also sometimes used to remove the pre-cancerous growths called keratoses. Dermaplaning is commonly used to treat deep acne scars.
Dermabrasion can be performed on small areas of skin or on the entire face. Friction can be used alone, or in conjunction with other procedures such as facelift, scar removal or revision, or chemical peel.
With the increasing popularity of various cosmetic surgery procedures it is imperative that the prospective patient research and understand different issues like what the dermabrasion procedure can and cannot treat, inherent risks, costs, and so on. Keep in mind, cosmetic surgery is just that – a surgical procedure whose results cannot simply be erased. When considering any form of cosmetic surgery, it is important to have a good understanding of the procedure before making a decision. Take some time to view the introductory information we have provided Dermabrasion. While the information contained in this website will provide you with a basic understanding of the procedure, it may not answer all of your questions. To get complete answers to the questions you are seeking, we recommend that you Contact US.
What Are The Benefits of Dermabrasion?
- Dermabrasion can improve Deep facial wrinkles and creases, Traumatic scar face, Post-burn Scars ...etc.
- A non-chemical approach may also be preferred for individuals with slightly darker skin, especially when treating limited areas of the face, since dermabrasion and dermaplaning are less likely to produce extreme changes in skin color.
- By enhancing one’s appearance, it can also possibly give a boost to one’s self-confidence, but Dermabrasion will not remove all scars and flaws or prevent aging.
Who is the ideal candidate for Dermabrasion?
- Men and women of all ages, from young people to older adults, can benefit from Dermabrasion. Although older people heal more slowly, more important factors are your skin type, coloring, and medical history. For example, black skin, Asian skin, and other dark complexions may become permanently discolored or blotchy after a skin-refinishing treatment.
- People who develop allergic rashes or other skin reactions, or who get frequent fever blisters or cold sores, may experience a flare-up. If you have freckles, they may disappear in the treated area.
- In addition, Dermabrasion can not be done during the active stages of acne because of a greater risk of infection spread. The same may be true if you've had radiation treatments, a bad skin burn, or a previous chemical peel.
N.B. The Dermabrasion procedure is forbidden for patients who use tretinoin or retinoid to treat acne, and they should stop use for 18 months at least.
How are Dermabrasion Performed?
- Dermabrasion are typically a quick procedure, usually taking around 30 - 45 minutes to an hour, possibly longer, depending upon the treated areas.
- Pain is minimal because anesthesia is administered to the abraded area. Or, in more severe cases, we may prefer to use general anesthesia, in which case you'll sleep through the procedure.
- It's not uncommon for the procedure to be performed more than once, or in stages, especially when scarring is deep or a large area of skin is involved.
- In dermabrasion, we scrape away the outermost layer of skin with a rough wire brush, or a burr containing diamond particles, attached to a motorized handle. The scraping continues until the safest level that will make the scar or wrinkle less visible.
- In dermaplaning, we use a hand-held instrument called a "dermatome". Resembling an electric razor, the dermatome has an oscillating blade that moves back and forth to evenly "skim" off the surface layers of skin that surround the craters or other facial defects. This skimming continues until the lowest point of the acne scar becomes more even with the surrounding skin.
- Then, the treated areas can be treated in a number of ways, including ointment, a wet or waxy dressing, dry treatment, or some combination of these.
What is after?
People who undergo Dermabrasion can return to their normal daily routines within a week.
Right after the procedure, your skin will be quite red and swollen, and eating and talking may be difficult. You'll probably feel some tingling, burning, or aching; any pain you feel can be controlled with medications. The swelling will begin to subside in a few days to a week.
A scab or crust will form over the treated area as it begins to heal. This will fall off as a new layer of tight, pink skin forms underneath. Your face may itch as new skin starts to grow, and you will use an ointment to make you more comfortable. If ointment is applied immediately after surgery, little or no scab will form.
We will give you detailed instructions to care for your skin after surgery. For men, this will include delaying shaving for a while, then using an electric razor at first. It's very important that you understand the instructions and follow them exactly, to ensure the best possible healing.
If you notice the treated area beginning to get worse instead of better-for example, if it becomes increasingly red, raised, and itchy after it has started to heal-it may be a sign that abnormal scars are beginning to form. Call us as soon as possible, so that treatment can begin early.
- Above all, it's important to protect your skin from the sun until the pigment has completely returned to your skin, as long as six to twelve months.
- You can use sun block creams, but to get the most beneficial effect of dermabrasion, you should avoid sun, and keep your face out of chlorinated and sea water for at least four weeks.
Are There Any Risks to Dermabrasion?
- Dermabrasion procedures are normally safe when they're performed by a qualified, experienced doctor.
- The most common risk is a change in skin pigmentation and color. Permanent darkening of the skin usually caused by exposure to the sun without application of sun-block lotions in the days or months following surgery. On the other hand, some patients find the treated skin remains a little lighter or blotchy in appearance.
- You may also develop enlarged skin pores; these usually shrink to near normal size once the swelling has subsided. While infection and scarring are rare with skin-refinishing treatments, they are possible.
- Some individuals develop excessive scar tissue (keloid or hypertrophic scars); these are usually treated with the application or injection of medications to soften the scar.
How Long Will These Results Last?
Refinishing treatments can offer dramatic improvements in the surface of your skin, but it will take some time before you see the final results (3 -6 months).
When your new skin is fully re-pigmented, the color should closely match the surrounding skin. To keep these results for life, the result should be preserved using a tonic skin creams.
How Much Do Dermabrasion Typically Cost?
Often the price says nothing about the quality of the work. Most multicenter clinics charge much more than private doctors — their advertising budget is more and the owner of the clinic has to take his 20% or 30% off the top. In my opinion, you are less likely to get a quality procedures at these multi-center locations.
Although price is a factor when deciding on surgery, the most important factor is that you feel you are getting a good quality, natural-looking result from the procedure.
Dermabrasion costs are variable according to the deformity and the treated areas. Usually the cost is ranging from 1000 to 1500 U.S. dollars. When dealing with costs, you also need to take into consideration the fact that the procedure may need to be repeated. Most medical insurance providers do not cover the procedure.
Frequently asked questions from patients when considering undergoing Dermabrasion?!
Q - What is the type of anesthesia, and when I can return to normal life?
A - According to your preference and the procedures. General anesthesia or Local anesthesia, and you can practice your normal life within a week.
Q - What are the symptoms that may occur in the first five days after Dermabrasion procedures?
A - Soreness which could be managed by pain killer’s medications and there may be edema or swelling of the face.
Q - What are the guarantees that the success of the process?
A - There is no doubt that the followers of the medical instructions and close follow up visits are the main factors for the success of any surgical procedure. If not, the process to achieve the agreed outcomes before, the process repeats at reduced cost. The procedure may needs refine touch after 6 weeks.
Q - When can we get the final results?
A - The final results is achieved after the first six months.
Q - Is the treated skin seems naturally?
A - Yes.
Q - What is ideal age for Dermabrasion?
A - It could be done at any age.
Q - If you are not Egyptian, What is the minimum period for follow up?
A - Five days.
Q - What are the contraindications of Dermabrasion procedures?
A - The patients should inform their surgeons about any allergies, serious medical conditions, and medications they may be taking. Smokers should stop smoking 2 weeks before surgical procedures to promote the healing process. The Dermabrasion procedure is forbidden for patients who use tretinoin or retinoid to treat acne, and they should stop use for 18 months at least.
Q - Where will the Dermabrasion procedures be performed?
A - In hospital or may be in outpatient bases (clinic).
Q - How much does Dermabrasion procedure cost and what elements factor into that cost like hospital fees, anesthesia, and so on?
A - Ranging from 1000 to 1500 U.S. dollars. Medical insurance dose not cover this procedures.
Q - What is the surgeon’s level of experience in performing Dermabrasion procedures?
A - Consultant or Doctoral in Plastic surgery or Dermatology.
Q - What percentage of patients experience complications with Dermabrasion procedures?
A - 10 - 12%
Summary of Dermabrasion Procedures:
The time of the procedure:
from half to one hour.
Type of anesthesia: local anesthesia +/- sedation or General.
Location: hospital or clinic with or without postoperative hospital stay.
Expected Side effects: Temporary redness, swelling and pain.
Recovery time: return to work after one week and the final outcome within six months.
Cost: according to procedure ranging from 1000 to 1500 U.S. dollars, or 5500 to 8,000 Egyptian pounds.
Results: according to procedure ranging from years and sometimes permanent results.
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